Updated Business Analyst Interview Questions and Answers 2021

By Syed Irfan

Last updated on Nov 26 2020

Updated Business Analyst Interview Questions and Answers 2021

Most Popular Business Analyst Interview Questions and Answers 2021

 

 

Interviews are of different kinds. They vary according to their role and profile. But what remains unchanged is the pursuit of onboarding a great personality by your hiring managers. You do not need to be a geek to be able to get a job in an MNC. As per the trends, employers and hiring managers focus 90% on assessing a candidate’s personality type, and questions posed towards them are nothing but an acid test.

 

First things first, prepare your mindset a week before your interview. NLP studies suggest that subconscious re-engineering plays a vital role in our life. Some great tools and techniques can instantly boost up your confidence. Starting with the power pose, having a healthy posture makes you feel competent and reflects your persona to your audience. That is why you will find the most successful people will carry a restorative mental and physical power pose.

 

The job of a Business Analyst isn't easy at all. We are starting this article with "Behaviorism & NLP" to make you aware that the job you are looking for involves uninterrupted communication!

 

What to expect & how to use this article? 

 

This article contains the ten most asked interview questions for the Business Analyst job profile. The answers are based on data-backed research conducted by IIBA. These answers we present you here are calibrated with humanistic intentions to help you seek back & forth the conversation you fear to make.

 

Active listening is the first step to having effective communication. By this, we mean you have to develop awareness in your inner self. The first thing you should start with is letting go of all your thoughts that come into your consciousness. Always remember that the key to awareness lies in not riding the ideas but filtering out what is best for you at the present moment. If you can foster this capability, you can: "Read between the lines" very quickly.

 

The next thing you should keep into your mind is to be laconic as far as possible. Though we do not encourage to deliver the one-word answer, instead, make a rule of answering as crisp as possible. It helps your interviewer to use his psychometrics skills and frame questions to test your knowledge. 

 

Top Business Analyst Interview Questions and Answers

 

As business analysis is a multifaceted profession, your managers hunt for your knowledge about the KSA; KSA stands for knowledge skills and abilities. This question is the most asked question in a business analyst interview because the hiring manager is curious about your awareness.

 

Before you prepare for the job interview, you should focus on reading the job description correctly and sketching out the requirements. In this way, you will have insight into your employer's interpersonal, technical, and holistic abilities. Below we will provide you with a basic framework, but you have to further cultivate it according to your needs.

 

Q1. What do you think are the competencies of a business analyst?

 

Your answer should project competent verbal communication as this is a high functioning job profile where you have to analyze the data and communicate to people concerned in higher authorities and external stakeholders. You should be clear about the agenda and never miss keywords like stakeholder management, technical profile, and high functioning job profile.

 

Your answer should reflect good listening skills; circumstances come on body language and voice tonality. You should also include your understanding of the delegated objectives, communication of information, and especially talking about the gaps.

 

The crucial one is to project skills related to time management. By this, we mean that you have to talk about multitasking and further sub tasking of projects.

 

Q2. Tell me about your typical project approach?

 

You can treat this question as a preliminary question that can make or break the chances of getting a business analyst job profile. At first glance, this question appears to be pretty direct, but it is not an immediate question. Hiring managers pause this type of problem to assess candidates' overall understanding of planning in business analysis.

 

The ideal way to tackle this type of question is not by listing your numerous projects, but you need to be specific about the general phases and the type of deliverables you have created, customize, and approach projects.

 

Q3. Quote a situation where you have handled difficult stakeholders?

 

With this question, the idea is to evaluate your soft skills to be precise in your communication and collaboration abilities as of business analyst. While answering such questions, never brag about your capabilities but instead talk about the stakeholder's perspectives.

 

Elucidate your answer so that it sounds like you can communicate with the service technician in a non-tectological way.

 

Q4. Why do you think flowcharts are essential?

A suitable answer will have concepts related to the process, tools, and technologies required to create project management flowcharts. This question is quite direct, so you have to answer it very sharply. Here you have to be very much specific about the implementation of is mapped out management processes. You need to establish the relationship between the quality assurance team, developer team, and project managers from a business analyst's perspective.

 

It would be best to talk about the hexagon, rectangle, and diamond convention of the flow chart. Talking about Kanban boards turn how functional they are in creating flowcharts, and managing a small thing will also help you justify your stance.

 

Q5. How would you handle change requests?

 

The basic idea of this question is to evaluate and identify your logical and design thinking skills. So an ideal answer should highlight thoughtfulness in response to changing circumstances. Never forget to prioritize the changes to the project requirements. It would be best if you were also vocal about the scope of changes and the impact these requests will have on the project. Be very sharp about the impact analysis while you answer such questions covering project cost, timeline, and resources in your answers. You can also start with the recent changes in functional design, development, and techniques tested to be the best solution to bridge the gaps.

 

Scenario Based Business Analyst Interview Questions

 

Q6. Describe when your advice to your client to take a different course of action has optimized the result?

 

The ideal way to start an answer to such a question is to be very specific about data and data interpretation. Specificity about data analysis will reflect your attitude in solving problems supported by data study. However, this question is limited to experience holders, so fresher should not be worried about such items. But if the interviewer shifts the question and asks you about a situation where you have to score results, supplementing great advice can be a problem.

 

It is likable for both freshers and experience holders to start with the product line then answer about the struggle the business is facing right now before you cater to the solution. You should also make suggestions that should not incur high costs put the project; thus, you should provide alternatives to growing post off the project.

 

Q7. What is the essential aspect of analytical reporting in your views?

 

As a business analyst, you should be very particular about the importance and hindrance of analytical reporting. You should explain and approach this question with the measurable impacts you had while doing analytical reporting in your previous job. The basics are that he also formulated critical thinking and analytical thinking and created solutions from data sources.

 

Now the hindrance analytical reporting causes is reflected in attempting to make decisions based on the facts. Your answer should be creating a sense of strategy and direction based on uniform assumptions to develop a planned action course.

 

Q8. How fluent are you with SQL queries?

 

Again, this question demands your necessary potentials in quick starting data analysis using SQL Query. Your answer should reflect Data Analysis as an essential function in the Business Analysis profession. So, it would be best if you were vocal about Entity Diagrams, knowledge about databases. It would be best if you hinted that the software helps to confirm the connection with databases. It would be best to quote an instance where you have used SQL Query to create a test database.

 

Upon hearing your replies, the interviewer might engage in asking you about the essential SQL commands. So, you have to be very alert and prompt about JOIN to SELECT from multiple tables to transform data.

 

Q9. What tools do you consider critical and frequent to use in a Business Analyst role?

When questions craving your technical abilities starts to come. Then be aware of what you spill. Do not be blunt while you answer such type of questions. With all your confidence in technical affinities, be very vocal about the tools you use. Never shame or speak less about MS Office Suite, MS Visio, Rational tools, Advance SQL, et cetera. Cream your answer with these key terminologies and frame the answer that projects you as a tech-savvy person. Tailor your solution by adding insights about your experience with these applications and tools.

 

Project Based Business Analyst Interview Questions

 

Q10. How do you approach a project in general?

 

It is perhaps the most confusing and misinterpreted question out of all. Candidates tend to spend more time listing out their specific experiences in detail and forget to cover the question's real intent. 

 

Your ideal answer should be vocal about Work Breakdown Structure, teamwork, workflow, general phases of project management. Lastly, never forget to customize your solution with a touch of the BA profession's CUSTOMER centrist nature. Be evident about plan-drive and change-drive while you answer such type of questions. 

 

Q11. What is SRS?

 

System requirements specification or a software requirements specification can be defined as a document that describes system all software applications and all its features. It also includes functionality and critical elements. The unique idea about using an SRS is to support the business processes, assumptions, KPI, or performance indicators. SRS covers all these parameters inculcated inside the system. It deals with the scope of work, functional requirements, non-functional requirements, and all their dependencies. It also involves data model commands options, constraints, and acceptance criteria.

 

Q12. Define requirements?

 

Being specific about software development lifecycle requirements are nothing but inputs better injected in various stages of SDLC. These are tailored and targeted solutions with a motive to achieve a specific business objective and outcomes. Requirements need validation from project sponsors and stakeholders before we make it passed through the implementation phase. Every condition is judged on the reference purpose and how decoratively it is documented.

 

Q13. How would you define a use case?

 

To be specific about the use case, we can define it as a diagrammatic representation of a system that helps us to describe the user's perspective in using the system. It is crucial and integral to do software engineering, modeling techniques designed to target features and commit resolutions to two troubles or errors that our users may encounter while using the system.

 

Q14. Define BRD and make differentiation from SRS?

 

BRB or business requirement document can be defined as a formal documented contract between the customer and the product owner organization. This contract can be the generally accepted agreement between the two parties.

 

BRD is a high-level functional specification of the software that is a formal document describing the client's intricacies as defined by the client. It can be in written as well as verbal format. A business analyst's role is to directly interact with the client while recording the business requirement documents.

 

However, there is a fringe difference between SRS and BRD, but it is worthy to note that SRS is a software's technical specification. This technical specification can be a functional and non-functional requirement of the software intended to be developed. SRS is dealt with by a system architect who records and creates technical expertise and documents these requirements.

 

Q15. How would you define gap analysis?

 

It is critical to note while you are dealing with questions like this, you have to be very much apt & sharp while you answer. You can give the technical definition or blend your communication expertise with the answers to glorify the experience.

It is a technique used to analyze the gap between the existing system & personalities and the targeted system. We can define gap as the amount of task that is required to reap out the intended results.

 

Q16. What does INVEST mean?

 

INVEST is an abbreviation for independent, negotiable, valuable, estimable, sized appropriately, and testable. This technical approach supplements project managers as well as their technical team to eke out quality deliverables.

 

Q17. Define Pareto Analysis?

 

Commonly known as the 8 0/ 20 rule, Pareto analysis is a decision-making technique that enables the project management team and project managers and stakeholders to focus on the 20% off the matter that holds 80% off the effect system. This technique helps the project management team to detect defect resolution and improvise quality control over the deliverables.

 

Q18. Define BPMN?

 

The term BPMN stands for business process model and notation. It is a graphical representation of the business process that has essential elements to quantify the business processes. These elements include flow objects, data, connecting objects, swimlanes, artifacts. This graphical representation is quintessential in making business decisions. The higher authorities involved in project management rely on the business process model and notation to work swiftly and qualitatively.

 

Q19. How would you define benchmarking?

 

Benchmarking is a subjective measure that any organization takes to beat its competition. This matrix is all about measuring the performance of an organization with the industry it is dealing in. Customers, employees, and external stakeholders are very much picky about the company policies, performance, rules, and process are before they commit their support in getting involved with the organization.

 

Q20. Elucidate the steps involved in requirement gathering?

 

The requirement gathering process is a multi-stepped agnostic process in the software development lifecycle. This convert divided into specifics like essential tasks to perform, principles to follow, and documents to produce.

 

It all starts with the collection of background information about the project the organization is involved in. The background information also includes analysis and makes use of techniques like SWOT & PESTEL. 

 

The next step is identifying stakeholders as stakeholders are key decision-makers from where the approval for requirements and priorities are generated. So it is quite an essential step in requirement gathering that involves professionals like project owners, senior managers, end-users, and market competitors.

 

After identifying the stakeholders, we have to move further to discover business objectives. Here we use techniques like SWOT & SMART to analyze business objectives, benchmark, and create a purpose. It can be considered as a planning stage where the project management team's focus is fueled to bring achievable and real-time objectives to the table.

 

This step it's called scope definition. It is an integral part of project development where the goals are set according to the analyzed business objectives. Hear the details about the plans are documented along with sketching each project phase meticulously.

 

Business analyst delivery plan- the business analyst delivery plan is built on the preparatory steps taken in the requirement gathering. A business analyst comes forward to create project methodology and document in formations on deliverables but sketching out the timeline in detail.

This step is called defining the project requirements; here, we have divided the requirements into two documents: functional and non-functional requirement documents. A business analyst enormously clarifies the provision to the stakeholders by having meetings.

 

Implementation- this trip is designed to support technical performance in the software development lifecycle. After sketching out the business objectives, delivery plan, and project requirements, a business analyst must coordinate with its development team and testing team to ensure the validity of the provisions. It is an intervention stage where all the project management team comes under one roof to discuss the worst possible business scenarios and share solutions to deal with these problems.

 

Lastly, the requirement gathering process is evaluated. This step rigorously dissects and synthesize corrective measures concerned with the business needs to come outcomes and timelines.

 

Q21. Describe some hindrances that a business analyst may face in project management?

 

A business analyst's job is quite creative in formulating strategies, communicating, and getting things done. The project environment is full of problems and change requests, starting from initiating the project's post-implementation phase. A business analyst may face issues related to employees, technology, business policies, and business model errors.

 

Q22. Define business model analysis?

 

It is a devised technique to analyze the business's viability and worth in context to social, economic, and personal perspectives. Business model analysis forms the cornerstone of any business model change in an organization.

 

Conclusion

 

In this article, we have tried to cover all the questions that might because of the ability to answer. This article has also clarified the approach and mindset you should have while preparing for an interview for a business analyst position. As our endnote, we would recommend you to be very innovative and adaptive according to the situations you are in. Always try to protect yourself as a manager and not someone who is managed. The main thing of any business analyst interview is to pick a manager from the candidate pool.

 

To get full details about Business Analyst Certification Training, chat with our course expert or drop your query at Click Here and our support team will reach you.

Explore other career-making courses offered by Sprintzeal and find the certification that benefits your career.

 

Suggested Read – Business Analyst Career Path Guide

About the Author

Sprintzeal   Syed Irfan

Irfan is a technical content writer in the education niche with vast experience in creating content for certifications and training programs. He creates engaging, easy-to-understand, and valuable content for both beginners and professionals aspiring to enhance their careers. 

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