Scrum is an agile framework used in managing projects, primarily for software development. It can be referred to as a set of tools that are used to develop software and manage projects efficiently.
The scrum methodology is a significant part of many agile application lifecycle management initiatives. Being one of the most widely adopted and popular agile methodologies, the agile scrum methodology has also been a controversial topic.
While some believe the term "scrum" was introduced by Hirotaka Takeuchi and Ikujiro Nonaka in 1986, others claim it was introduced by Jeff Sutherland, John Scumniotales, and Jeff McKenna in 1993.
However, after several debates and research, it was found that Hirotaka Takeuchi and Ikujiro Nonaka were the ones to come up with the concept of the scrum framework and wrote about this in a Harvard Business Review article titled "The New Product Development Game."
Later, Jeff Sutherland invented Scrum and introduced it to Ken Schwaber.
With the adoption of agile scrum methodologies, team satisfaction and productivity at work are increasing.
The need for agile scrum methodology arose as the waterfall method had a few drawbacks. It didn’t allow the team to move to the next phase of a project until the current phase was finished.
The Scrum framework helps project managers develop a process that is easy to plan, understand, and execute.
Following are the benefits of using agile scrum methodology in detail.
-Reduced risk with scrum methodology
The scrum framework alleviates the risk of failure by promoting fast delivery and reducing time to market.
It saves huge amounts of money, time, and effort by avoiding failures before they happen. Completing tasks that hold the greatest risk first reduces the chances of failure.
Plus, in case of failure, the agile scrum methodology helps curb the situation to quite an extent.
-Better-quality products using scrum methodology
The scrum framework's continuous feedback method makes it simple to maintain high-quality products while eliminating defect areas.
Improved productivity leads to better-quality products. The Scrum methodology provides teammates with relevant information for improvements on products.
The regular feedback from customers gives data about the requirements of the user. Upgrading product features become convenient with this data.
-Reduced time to market following the scrum framework
Compared to traditional methods, the scrum methodology delivers products faster.
As stakeholders' and customers' involvement is valued along with the presence of a scrum team, the documentation phase is skipped.
The scrum framework helps save a lot of time and contributes to faster product development and delivery. Unlike the traditional method of development, the agile scrum methodology doesn’t hold back the releases until the completion of the project.
In fact, it promotes regular releases in order to keep the customer satisfied. Marketing and publicity take place during this extra time, resulting in higher rates of return.
-High returns on Investments with scrum methodology
Every business strives to attain higher rates of return.
With agile scrum methodologies, higher returns on investment can be obtained. One of the major contributors to this is the reduced time to market.
When the time to market is improved and the product is released before schedule, it gains more exposure. This in turn enhances the chances of gaining high returns.
With the saved time, ROI increases, fulfilling the business needs of an organization.
Become a certified scrum master with the CSM - Certified Scrum Master Certification Training
offered by the governing body Scrum Alliance
-Improved customer satisfaction
Scrum methodologies focus on improving the customer-seller relationship.
It involves customers in projects and keeps them informed of developments throughout the process.
This gives them a sense of assurance and builds trust between both parties. It caters to the customer’s needs and responds to requests promptly.
During sprint reviews, it exhibits the functionalities of the work to the customers and stakeholders. Most importantly, the scrum framework schedules continuous releases of products in order to maintain consistent delivery for the customers.
-Improved team dynamics
Scrum boosts productivity and improves work quality for a team. With reduced miscommunication, the teammates tend to support each other’s work and decisions.
Scrum promotes a cross-functional method of working, which helps employees expand their horizons and acquire new skills from their teammates.
Since the scrum team allows the members to make decisions that were otherwise made by managers and other higher officials, it breaks down the organizational barriers.
Most of all, these work practices reduce pressure and stress among teammates, which in turn contributes to productivity.
In order to gain these benefits, the proper application of agile scrum methodology is essential.
Suggested Course - CSPO - Certified Scrum Product Owner Certification Training
The below mentioned are the activities carried out in the scrum methodology process:
Planned meetings are the first step in the sprint. In this step, a meeting is called to gather all the SCRUM members.
The agenda of this meeting is to identify the user story based on the issue and act on it. Once this is decided, the team starts brainstorming in order to resolve the issue.
In some cases, a pre-planned meeting is also conducted before the main meeting. In that case, the individuals are expected to identify the areas for issues and improvements to discuss in the main meeting.
The second step of the sprint is execution.
Once the issue is identified and the plan is laid out, it is executed by the entire team. Each plays his or her specific role and transforms the plan into action.
More like keeping track of progress, the daily follow-up, or "stand-up," is the phase where at least 15 minutes of time is contributed to analysing the progress of work each day.
In this, the team discusses potential risks, existing obstacles, and the agenda for the day.
A brief conclusion about daily progress is given by the team members. This is conducted by the scrum master and aims to keep track of progress.
As the name suggests, a review meeting is held when the sprint cycle ends and the product is ready.
After resolving the issue and implementing the user story, the agile scrum master presents the stories to the product owner.
The review meeting is then followed by the retrospective meeting.
In this, the scrum team gathers yet again, but this time the agenda is to conclude the whole process.
Things like best results, undesired situations, and lessons learned are taken into focus. Based on the situation, a conclusion is drawn and implemented for future projects.
The Scrum methodology is designed to enhance team satisfaction, quality, productivity, customer satisfaction, and transparency for stakeholders. The adoption of the scrum methodology greatly improves the work environment through the active involvement and participation of team members.
It offers early and efficient releases while not compromising the quality of the product at any cost.
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