Agile Scrum Methodology - Benefits, Framework and Activities Explained

By Nandini

Last updated on Jul 28 2021

Agile Scrum Methodology - Benefits, Framework and Activities Explained

Agile Scrum Methodology: Framework, Benefits, and Activities Explained

What is Scrum Methodology?

Scrum is an agile framework used in managing projects, primarily for software development.

It can be termed as a set of tools that are used to develop software and manage projects efficiently.

Scrum methodology is a significant part of many agile application lifecycle management initiatives.

Being one of the most widely adopted and popular agile methodologies, the agile scrum methodology has also been a controversial topic.  

While some believe the term scrum was introduced by Hirotaka Takeuchi and Ikujiro Nonaka in 1986, others claim it was introduced by Jeff Sutherland, John Scumniotales, and Jeff McKenna in 1993.

However, after several debates and research, it was found that Hirotaka Takeuchi and Ikujiro Nonaka were the people to come up with the concept of the scrum framework and wrote about this in a Harvard Business Review article titled as "The New New Product Development Game".

Later, Jeff Sutherland invented Scrum and introduced the scrum framework to Ken Schwaber.

With the adoption of agile scrum methodologies, team satisfaction and productivity at work is escalated.

The need for agile scrum methodology arrived as the waterfall method had a few drawbacks. It didn’t allow the team to move to the next phase of a project until the current phase is finished. 

Scrum framework helps project managers develop a process that is easy to plan, understand and execute. 


Benefits of Agile Scrum Methodology


Following are the benefits of using agile scrum methodology, in detail

  • Reduced risk with scrum methodology

Scrum framework alleviates the risk of failure by promoting fast delivery and reduced time to market.

It saves huge amounts of money, time and effort by avoiding expected failures before-hand. Completing tasks that hold maximum risk first reduces the chances of failure.

Plus, in case of failure, agile scrum methodology helps curb the situation to quite an extent.


  • Better-quality products using scrum methodology

With the continuous feedback method of the scrum framework, maintaining high-quality products whilst removing defect areas becomes easy.

Improved productivity leads to a better quality of products. Scrum methodology provides teammates with relevant information for improvements on products.

The regular feedback from customers gives data about the requirements of the user. Upgrading product features become convenient with this data.


  • Reduced time to market following scrum framework

Compared to the traditional methods, the scrum methodology delivers products faster.

As stakeholders and customer’s involvement is valued along with the presence of a scrum team, the documentation phase is skipped.

Scrum framework helps save a lot of time and contributes to faster development and delivery of the products. Unlike the traditional method of development, the agile scrum methodology doesn’t hold back the releases until the completion of the project.

In fact, it promotes regular releases in order to keep the customer satisfied. The marketing and publicity take place in this extra time giving rise to higher rates of return. 


  • High returns on Investments with scrum methodology

Every business strives to attain higher rates of returns.

With agile scrum methodologies, higher returns on investment can be obtained. One of the major contributors to this is the reduced time to market.

When the time to market is improved and the product is released before time, it gains more exposure. This in turn leads enhances chances of gaining high returns.

With the saved time, ROI increases fulfilling the business needs of an organization. 

Become a certified scrum master with the CSM - Certified Scrum Master Certification Training

offered by the governing body Scrum Alliance


  • Improved customer satisfaction

Scrum methodologies focus on improving the customer-seller relationship.

It involves customers with the projects and keeps them updated with details throughout the process.

This gives them a sense of assurance and builds trust among both parties. It caters to the customer’s needs and responds to the requests promptly.

During sprint reviews, it exhibits the functionalities of work to the customers and stakeholders. Most importantly, the scrum framework schedules continuous releases of products in order to maintain consistent delivery for the customers.


  • Improved team dynamics

Scrum boosts productivity and improves work improvement for a team.

With reduced miscommunication, the teammates tend to support each other’s work and decisions. Scrum promotes a cross-functional method of working; this helps employees expand their horizons and acquire new skills from their teammates.

Since the scrum team allows the members to make decisions that were otherwise made by managers and other higher officials, it breaks down the organizational barriers.

Most of all, these work practices reduce pressure and stress among the teammates which in turn contributes to productivity.

In order to gain these benefits, the proper application of agile scrum methodology is essential.


Suggested Course - CSPO - Certified Scrum Product Owner Certification Training


What are the steps involved in scrum activities?


Below are the activities carried out in the scrum methodology process,

  1. Planning meetings

Planning meetings is the first step in the sprint. In this step, a meeting is called to gather all the SCRUM members.

The agenda of this meeting is to identify the user story based on the issue and act on it. Once this is decided, the team starts brainstorming in order to resolve the issue.

In some cases, a pre-planned meeting is also conducted before the main meeting. In that, the individuals are expected to locate the areas of issues and improvements to discuss in the main meeting. 


  1. Execution

The second step of the sprint is execution.

Once the issue is identified and the plan is laid, it is executed by the entire team. Each plays his/her specific role and transforms the plan into action.


  1. Daily follow-up

More like keeping track of progress, the daily follow-up or stand up is the phase where at least 15 minutes of time is contributed to analyzing the progress of work each day.

In this, the team discusses potential risks, existing obstacles, and agenda for the day.

A brief conclusion about daily progress is given by the team members. This is conducted by the scrum master and aims to keep track of progress.


  1. Review meeting

As the name suggests, a review meeting is when the sprint cycle ends and the product is ready.

After resolving the issue and implementation of the user story, the agile scrum master presents the stories to the product owner.


  1. Retrospective meeting

The review meeting is then followed by the retrospective meeting.

In this, the scrum team gathers yet again, but this time the agenda is to conclude things from the whole process.

Things like best results, undesired situations and lessons learned are taken into focus. Based on the situation, the conclusion is drawn and implemented for future projects.



Scrum methodology is designed to enhance team satisfaction, quality, productivity, customer satisfaction, and transparency for stakeholders. With active involvement and participation of team members, the work environment is immensely improved by adopting scrum methodology. It offers early and efficient releases whilst not compromising with the quality of the product at any cost.  


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About the Author

Sprintzeal   Nandini

Content Writer at Sprintzeal

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