Software testing is compulsory before it goes into use for any product, feature, or service. This put even more light to ensure that software should be bug-free and that the system meets customer requirements and software specifications.
With each upgrade of software and application with its new versions, the surge of demand by consumers and job skills has grown even wider. Our meticulous sections of manual testing interview questions and answers focus on the beginners to the professional level of manual testing interview preparation.
That said, these manual testing interview questions are the most frequent and highlight related subtopics to be expected from such subjects. Nevertheless, a participant must always keep a knack for thorough popular questions and covering the given syllabi which are even important. Analyze and test your knowledge from the lists of manual testing questions below to prepare for a job interview course.
With the curated list of question sets, gear up for the best interview preparation with the manual interview questions and answers for freshers or professionals to get hired easily in the top leading companies.
Given below are the lists of manual testing interview questions for experienced or freshers with the best answers.
Suggested Read – How To Become A Quality Analyst
Below are the software testing interview questions and answers for freshers at a basic level,
1) What are the different types of manual testing?
The different types of manual testing are;
- Black Box Testing
- White Box Testing
- Unit Testing
- System Testing
- Integration Testing
- Acceptance Testing
2) Explain the procedure for manual testing?
The manual testing process comprises the following steps;
- Planning and Control
- Analysis and Design
- Implementation and Execution
- Evaluating exit criteria and Reporting
- Test Closure activities
3) What is API testing?
API testing is a type of software testing that tests an Application Program Interface (API) directly.
A collection of functions, methods, or procedures that is available to be executed by other software applications. The aim is to allow access to certain services and arrange communication between software applications.
This question type is often found in basic software testing interview questions, the interviewer evaluates whether a candidate looks for comparisons in the advanced level of software testing interview questions and answers.
4) What are the types of regression testing?
The types of regression testing are as follows:
Corrective regression testing: A simple regression testing approach that involves re-running of test cases with absolutely no changes in code or product specification.
Selective regression testing: Analyzes the impact of both old and new code on the software that has app functionality. It uses a division of existing test cases to minimize costs and activities required for a retest.
Retest-all regression testing: A regression testing that reruns overall existing test cases again on the new codebase, even if only tiny code changes have been made.
Progressive regression testing: This testing method is applied to new test scenarios and test cases that require new testing. This approach reveals whether the updated or changed version has an effect on the existing features.
Unit regression testing: A narrow process that repeats all tests for the unit which takes place when a certain change has been made in it.
5) What is the best time to stop the testing process?
The testing activities should end on the following factors;
- Test case execution
- Testing deadline
- Code Coverage (CC) ratio
- Mean Time Between Failure (MTBF) rate
6) Explain Black-box testing.
A testing technique of software in which the functionality of the Application Under Test (AUT) is examined without looking into its internal structures or the given test cases.
Read more: Top 30 Quality Analyst Interview Questions And Answers 2022
Here are some answers to the software testing interview questions for experienced at an advanced level,
1) Explain the defect life cycle.
A defect life cycle (or bug life cycle) is a cycle in which a defect covers the different stages in its entire life.
The defect related to the bug starts as soon as any sort of defect is found and ends the defect type after making certain it won’t reoccur again.
2) What are the types of software testing?
Software testing is classified into two types i.e., manual testing and automation testing.
Automation testing is a test processing technique of software and other tech products with the help of automated testing software to perform repetitive testing tasks without human intervention.
The automation testing methodologies follow GUI testing, code-driven, and test automation framework.
Whereas, manual testing is testing any software or an application as per the client's requirements without the use of any automation tool.
In contradiction of requirement specification, this testing approach verifies and validates the behavior of an application or software. Types of manual testing include;
- White Box Testing
- Black Box Testing (functional and non-functional testing)
- Gray Box Testing
3) What is a Silk Test and why is it used for?
Silk test is an automated testing tool that speeds up the functional testing of complex applications for web, mobile, rich-client, and enterprise applications. This testing of applications developed with Java, Microsoft, Web, and other distributed technologies.
Some of the best use of this silk test tool is;
- Performs regression and functionality testing of client-server-based applications.
- Testing for Java, Windows-based, Web, and traditional client/server applications.
- Prepare and manage the test plan to allot a directly accessible database.
- Allows validation of the field.
4) Mention the different parts of a defect report.
Here are the parts that a defect report includes:
- Assigned To
- Build No.
- Expected and Actual Results
- Directed Status
- Step to Reproduce
- Tested By
- Tested Environment
Let’s look at a few of the top interview questions for manual testing along with answers at an intermediate level,
1) Explain defect triage?
A defect triage is a process to prioritize and identify the defects on the degree of risks, severity, and frequency of re-occurrence. The triage team involves a project manager, developer, test lead, tester, test manager, environmental manager, and business analyst. The three different steps in defect triage are depicted in the figure below:
The main objective is to fix the defects in a fixed, timely, and accurate manner.
Mostly in manual testing interview questions for 3 years experience, you get the question regarding the intent and elaborating the triage meeting process.
2) Explain STLC.
Software Testing Life Cycle (STLC) is a testing process of executing a program or application in a systematic way with the goal of finding software bugs or defects.
The STLC model lays down the following steps:
- Requirement Analysis
- Test Planning
- Test Case Development
- Environment Setup
- Test Execution
- Test Cycle Closure
3) What are the different types of integration testing?
Integration testing primarily includes;
- Big Bang Testing
- Bottom-up Testing
- Top-Down Testing
4) Explain A/B testing.
A/B testing is done when an application involves more than two versions. All the versions of the applications are given to a client or a set of clients for testing. The better version is to identify out of various sets and deploy them to production.
5) List some of the test deliverables.
A few of the test deliverables are;
- Defect Report
- Effort Estimation Report
- Traceability Matrix
- Test Plan
- Test Cases
- Test Report
- Test Summary
An interview is always an opportunity to present yourself in the best way possible to a probable employer or a hiring panel.
It is necessary that you head into an interview fully prepared especially without skipping the popularly asked software testing interview questions.
Nevertheless, manual testing simply does not improve a quality control mechanism but draws higher demand and opportunities for software testers and QA Analysts. This article has also simplified the approach and frame of mind to have while attempting a manual testing interview for a quality analyst position.
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