Cybersecurity – Everything You Need to Know About it

By Melissa

Last updated on Jul 14 2020

Cybersecurity – Everything You Need to Know About it

Importance of Cybersecurity

 

An increasing number of large organizations are doing their business online. The internet revolution has modified our lives and made it better. We can now access everything in a click of a button from the comfort of our homes. From apparel to medicines, everything can be delivered to our doorsteps through delivery apps and websites. This has led to the growth of many organizations but, at the same time, has attracted threats to security. Cybersecurity has become an integral part of every organization. Data threats faced by any company can damage its chances of growing. The ease and accessibility of online business have also resulted in threats from hackers.

 

In a minute, millions of bytes of data can be stolen. This makes the organizations vulnerable and leads to their downfall. Cybersecurity risks are threatening to collapse the IT infrastructure of many companies. According to a study report, nearly 83% of companies around the world face cybersecurity threats daily. Continuous surveillance is necessary to ensure that the IT integrity of a company is maintained. This can be done by employing highly skilled cybersecurity professionals who will safeguard the software of the company and prevent it from coming under the attack of hackers. 

 

There has been a staggering rise in the level of cybercrimes. Many companies hesitate to invest in Cybersecurity. As a result, they face irreversible damages to their IT infrastructure. The online presence of companies makes them increasingly vulnerable to threats and data breaches. This has compelled many organizations to invest in cyber-security professionals. 

 

Why are cybersecurity professionals in high demand?

 

Cybersecurity jobs are popular among the youth. Cybersecurity professionals ensure that the software of a company is always protected from hackers. They utilize their IT skills to devise fool-proof methods for companies using which they can prevent their sensitive data from getting attacked. In the past, many companies have come under fire by users whose data was breached and leaked. This created a bad reputation for the company and led to humongous losses. This could have been prevented if the companies had invested in skilled cybersecurity professionals who would have identified the loopholes in their system and devised ways to rectify them. 

 

Refer - 2020 Roundup Of Cybersecurity Forecasts And Market Estimates:

Very few companies used to invest in Cybersecurity. That trend has been reversed now as an increasing number of companies are willing to spend millions in Cybersecurity. So, if you are interested in taking up a role as a cyber-security professional, this is the best time to do so. There are plenty of job options available for professionals who want to pursue a career in Cybersecurity. The job of a cybersecurity analyst is one of the most coveted roles in this sector. As a cybersecurity analyst, you will help organizations secure their data and create fool-proof solutions for their systems. 

 

Role of Cybersecurity in organizations

 

Cyber-attacks are evolving as an intermittent danger to organizations. Most of the organizations are facing increasing threats because of their vulnerable states. When you take your business online, it results in a lot of people accessing your software. Normal users only avail of those services that are available to them, but there are notorious hackers who will find loopholes in your security systems and devise ways to breach past your firewalls. After doing this, they would be able to access your sensitive data and use it to their advantage. This is a rising trend, and a lot of organizations have lost their reputation because of online attacks. 

 

The hackers, who try to get into the systems of the organizations, are well equipped with the latest tools. As compared to them, the organizations don’t have the IT support that would help them prevent such attacks. A recent report showed that only 5% of the files are protected globally. This is a very small amount as compared to the enormous number of files being stolen each second. Hackers are getting smart. The moment you try to build an effective anti-hack system, they devise newer ways to get past your security wall. Normal people of an organization cannot prevent this attack by themselves. To deal with cybercrimes, an organization needs cybersecurity professionals who would help it to protect its sensitive information from hackers.

 

Why do cybercrimes happen and how cybersecurity helps?

 

The main motive behind cybercrimes is stealing data of innocent and unaware users. You might not be directly linked to the hackers but, if you avail any services online, you are at risk of getting attacked by hackers who will use efficient methods to steal your data without your knowledge. The majority of cybercrimes are related to hacking. Hacking is a term that is used to define the condition when your software system gets attacked. The hackers breach past your firewall by finding a loophole in it. This can be very dangerous because we store large amounts of personal information on our computers. For larger organizations, cybercrimes are usually related to the stealing of user information. Hackers can even access admin accounts and change the software of the organization, making it impossible for authorities to access their own networks. An estimated 95% of organizations have faced cybercrimes in some way or the other. This is more prevalent in the USA, where increased access to internet facilities has spurred the growth of large cybercriminal gangs. 

 

 

300+ Terrifying Cybercrime & Cybersecurity Statistics [2020 EDITION]

Source - Comparitech

 

How to stay protected and avoid cyberattacks?

 

The only way to protect yourself from cyberattacks is by creating a strong security system having multiple layers of protection in it. This would ensure that the attackers won’t be able to get past the multiple layers of security. These layers must be implemented across personal devices like smartphones, PC, or laptops. Larger organizations must invest properly in Cybersecurity to save their data from getting stolen.

 

 

It is necessary to understand that Cybersecurity does not only depend on having a strong defense system. It also depends on how vigilant you are with your choices and what steps you have taken to make sure that your systems are safeguarded from all harm. Recognizing and identifying cybersecurity threats before they damage your system is really important.

 

How is Cybersecurity implemented?

 

To safeguard your data from cyber-attacks, you need to protect and secure it. Create effective solutions for cybersecurity threats by using the latest cybersecurity software. Cybercriminals are evolving faster than ever before. This should make you worry because you also need to increase the level of defense. Businesses are at a larger risk nowadays. Their sensitive data might get stolen by attackers who can use the information to extort money from them. Often, companies neglect their cybersecurity framework because they think that they can do away with it. This is where attackers take advantage of their vulnerability and breach their systems to attack their sensitive data. Cybersecurity awareness is required to prevent such large-scale attacks. For that, cybersecurity awareness training is imparted to individuals who are wishing to start a career in Cybersecurity. 

 

There are three main domains of cybersecurity infrastructure. Let’s have a look at each of them.

 

  1. IT security:

IT security or Information Security is the protection of data using electronic networks. Cybersecurity is limited to protecting only digital data, but IT security aims to secure both digital and physical data from attackers.

 

  1. Cybersecurity:

The cybersecurity definition is that it protects your digital data from cybersecurity breaches. It is implemented in your computers, PC, laptops, or other systems that are susceptible to attacks by hackers.

 

  1. Computer security or Network security:

Network security or computer security focuses on the in-between areas between hardware and software. When you’re sending information through your computers, the server that you are sending the information to should be the sole recipient of it. Attackers can intercept your information mid-way and make changes to it. They can also access it and steal sensitive content. Computer security uses a combination of both hardware and software to protect the information you are sending.

 

What are the Categories of Cybersecurity?

 

There are many types of security based on the type of network it protects. Here are some of the subsets of Cybersecurity.

  • Infrastructure security:

This focuses on preserving the integrity of cyberinfrastructure from any harm. It consists of only cyber-physical systems. A good example of an attack on infrastructure security is the recent shutdown of the US electrical grid system by some notorious hackers.

 

  • Network security:

This focuses on protecting the networks from attacks by cybercriminals. Securing internal networks and creating multiple levels of barriers is the only way to prevent network security breaches. Passwords and encryptions are the other methods of protecting network security breaches.

 

  • Application security:

Software applications have increased the chances of getting attacked. To protect these applications, antivirus software is developed. This antivirus software will protect the applications from getting attacked by malicious firmware. Firewalls and encrypting data is another way of protecting applications.

 

  • Information security:

This is a holistic system of protecting data. It focuses on protecting both physical and digital data from harm. Any unauthorized system is not allowed to access information. Blocking of access is applied aggressively to prevent attackers from hacking into the system.

 

  • Cloud security:

Cloud applications have become a new way of storing and accessing data from any part of the world. More people are using cloud services to store their data. While this is beneficial, it also invites the attention of hackers who find loopholes within the system and breach it using effective modern technologies.

 

  • Data security:

Data loss prevention is an integral part of data security. For this, fool-proof policies and processes are invented that will prevent the loss of data. Network permissions can be set to prevent unauthorized access to data.

 

  • User security:

The end-users are at the highest risk of getting trapped in a cyberattack. This is because they have little awareness of cybersecurity principles. Creating cybersecurity awareness among users can make them more vigilant and alert to cybersecurity threats.

 

 

What are the different types of cybersecurity threats?

 

Cybersecurity threats are the attacks that are carried out on your systems. They are of many types depending on their mode of attack and way of breaching past firewalls. Here are some of the types of cybersecurity attacks.

 

  • Attack on privacy:

Threats to privacy are the most common type of cybersecurity attacks. They are intended to steal your private information and personal details. Once a hacker accesses your personal information, he/she can use it to extort huge amounts of money from you. It has been the most common type of cybersecurity attack.

 

  • Leaking of information:

Often, attackers with the aim to malign your reputation can steal your data and make it public. This is a very dangerous form of attack because it will make you vulnerable and susceptible to weak emotional states. Many people suffer from nervous breakdowns after their personal information gets stolen.

 

  • They are blocking access.

Denials of service or DoS attacks are the most common types of attacks in recent times. Hackers prevent organizations or individuals from accessing their data by changing the security framework of their systems. This can halt the businesses of large companies. So, instead of reporting to the authorities, many companies pay large amounts to hackers and secure their networks afterward. 

 

 

What are malware and ransomware?

 

Malware can be defined as malicious software (hence the name). This is a pre-planned attack on the security of an organization. It will lead to the blocking of access by hackers as a result of which the authorities will not be able to access their own data. Malware can breach the security systems of the people who receive them. They often come in the form of a suspicious file that contains software that will steal your data without your knowledge. Viruses and worms are a type of malware.

 

Ransomware is also a type of malware, but, in the case of ransomware, data is stolen with the purpose of extorting money. The attackers hold your data with them and do not release it until you pay them a large sum of money. These attacks are mainly aimed at sensitive and important information that is very important to the owner. If the money is not paid within the stipulated time, the user might lose access to it forever. 

 

What is the extent of cybersecurity threats?

 

Cybersecurity threats are fast evolving. From malicious firmware to viruses and worms, cyber attackers are leaving no stone unturned to make sure that you have a tough time online. The cybersecurity threat is subdivided into 3 categories, cybercrime attacks, cyberattacks, and cyberterrorism. All three types of attacks are equally dangerous, but their extent and scale of reach vary. 

 

Cybercrime

This is carried out against individuals, and the attack targets your personal computer network and system. The motive behind this type of attack is gaining money through extortion.

 

Cyberattack

These types of attacks are carried out against organizations and are aimed at collecting and revealing private information. 

 

Cyberterrorism

 

This is the most dangerous form of cyberattack and targets an entire country or a particular geographical area. The motive behind this kind of attack is not money. Individuals indulging in cyberterrorism do so to spread fear and panic. They can also carry out these attacks to steal sensitive information like defence plans of countries.

 

Protection against cybersecurity attacks

 

Merely spreading awareness about cybersecurity attacks is not enough. Active vigilance and alertness are required to protect yourself and your organization from cyber threats. Cybersecurity blogs and courses do an amazing job of making people aware of cybersecurity threats. Cybersecurity companies and cybersecurity businesses are coming up with innovative solutions to protect individuals and organizations against cyberattacks. Cybersecurity awareness is crucial for improving cybercrime rates. 

 

There are different ways of protecting yourself from cybersecurity attacks. Some of the ways are listed below.

 

  1. Create a backup of sensitive files.

To prevent losing your data in case of a cyber-attack, you must create backups of your files that are the most sensitive. If you have a backup with you, you will be able to access your data even if it gets stolen. Regularly backing up your files will help you stay protected from attacks. Even if someone steals your data, they won’t be able to extort money from you to allow you to have it back. 

 

  1. Don’t go to malicious websites.

Stay away from sites that don’t begin with ‘https:// ‘as they are the indication that a site is safe to be visited. Another way to know whether a site is safe or not is to check whether there is a lock symbol at the top left corner of the search bar. If the webpage has the lock symbol, it means that you can use it safely.

 

  1. Don’t open suspicious emails.

Email attachments sent by hackers can contain viruses that will breach through your security walls and steal your sensitive data. If you receive such emails, delete them immediately to prevent your data from getting stolen. 

 

  1. Update the software of your devices. 

The ‘bug fixes’ that come with software updates contain important security fixes that will prevent hackers from accessing your sensitive data. Running a device on old software will make it easier for attackers to breach through security loopholes. 

 

These precautions are necessary to protect your devices from cyberattacks. With the rapid progress in technology, your devices also need to stay updated to effectively stay protected from cyber threats. 

 

Cybersecurity Jobs

 

The career prospects in Cybersecurity are vast, and the increasing number of individuals are exploring that angle. If you want to build a cybersecurity career, this is the right time as a lot of companies are willing to spend millions annually on cybersecurity technicians, analysts, coordinators, and supervisors. There are a plethora of options that you can explore to build a career in Cybersecurity. Many individuals start getting trained so that it would become easier for them to get employed in this sector and become a cybersecurity consultant. 

 

A question that comes to the mind of many people is that, who needs a job as a cybersecurity professional? To answer that question, here are some of the points that you can go through to understand which type of people can be benefitted from a job in Cybersecurity.

 

  • If you are interested in developing codes and working with cyber-security software, a job in cyber-security would be perfect for you. It will improve your skills and allow you to practice on a larger scale. Instead of developing codes for yourself, you can do that for large companies and earn a good amount of money in return.
  • Cyber-security can be pursued by beginners because it is easy to understand. So, even if you don’t have prior knowledge about cyber-security principles, you can start fresh. This is the only stream in IT that allows beginners a fair chance to start building their career in Cybersecurity. 
  • IT professionals wishing to push their careers forward by getting a job as a cyber-security consultant can also shift to this stream. It is beneficial for both beginners and professionals because of the level ground of play that it offers. So, if an IT professional wishes to improve his career position, he/she can opt for Cybersecurity.
  • If you have some basic knowledge of cybersecurity principles, then you will easily be able to get the hang of Cybersecurity. Receiving prior training before starting is recommended because you would get an idea about how the job is going to turn out for you. A lot of professionals have claimed that receiving training prior to starting their jobs helped them to clear their groundwork so that adapting to the new environment wouldn’t be a problem.
  • Being adapted to face the challenge and adapting to them quickly is the main requirement of a cyber-security professional. You need to have fast responses to effectively thwart a data breach attempt. The job specification of any cybersecurity professional is to be constantly alert because threats don’t come invited.

 

Cybersecurity Certifications

 

Cybersecurity certifications will allow you to get employed as a cyber-security professional. Having a normal bachelor’s degree is not sufficient as it is not enough to equip you with the necessary skills. To have a successful career in cybersecurity firms, you need to have a cybersecurity degree. The cybersecurity degree requirements vary from certification to certification. Some of the degrees have no requirements, while others need some years of experience.

 

There are different degrees or certifications that you can pursue to get employed as a cybersecurity professional. Here is the cybersecurity career path explored. 

 

CompTIA Security+ Certification

 

The CompTIA Security+ certification is for beginners who want to explore the world of IT security. It serves as the entry point to cyber-security certification. The best thing about this certification is that it covers both practical and theoretical studies for the overall growth of a person as a cybersecurity consultant. After getting a CompTIA Security+ certification, you will be able to use your knowledge to counter security attacks on organizations. Risk management is a core area of this certification, and it equips individuals with the knowledge to minimize risks in an IT framework.

 

  1. The Ethical Hacking Certification

 

This has become popular in recent times. With this certification, you are taught to think and act from the point of view of a hacker. You would have to breach security barriers to test their resistance to cyber-attacks. Identifying loopholes in IT systems and applying effective measures to resolve those issues is the main purpose behind ethical hacking. For an impressive cybersecurity career, this certification is essential. 

 

  1. CISA Certification

 

If you want to follow a path of IT security auditor, then you would need this certification as it would enable you to work as a system auditor. You would gain expertise in handling security control and managing vulnerabilities. 

 

  1. CISSP Certification

The CISSP certification is an expert-level credential. It is meant for those professionals who are seeking expert level knowledge on operations security, network security, or development security. It will enable you to apply for top positions as an IT security professional.

This is the master level of cybersecurity certifications and enables you to gain expertise in risk management, security operations, IT security regulations, and much more. It is a globally accepted certification and focuses on global security management.

 

Suggested Read - Top Career Benefits of CISSP Certification

 

 

Why are cybersecurity certifications important?

 

Earning a cybersecurity certification will allow you to specialize in a particular domain of Cybersecurity. Companies are looking for specializations and search for individuals who can effectively resolve cybersecurity threats by applying their learned skills. Cybersecurity courses are widely available across the globe, and you can pick one that suits you. Cybersecurity classes can be attended to obtain training in cybersecurity principles. If you don’t want to go to any classes, you can get a degree at home by getting a cybersecurity degree online. To prepare for a cybersecurity degree, you can also take the help of good-quality cybersecurity books that will give you basic and advanced knowledge on the various domains. 

 

Read - Best Cyber Security Certifications in 2020

 

Is a cybersecurity degree worth it?

 

cybersecurity degree is worth it as it would make your career smooth and progressive. A Cybersecurity degree salary is high paying and will definitely fulfil all your requirements. A cybersecurity bachelor’s degree is also good enough if you are beginning your career in this sector. 

 

Cybersecurity job positions

 

If you have a cybersecurity certification, getting a cybersecurity degree job would be easy enough for you. There are plenty of opportunities in this sector if you have the right certification. Let’s look at some cybersecurity degree jobs

 

  • Cybersecurity engineer

A cybersecurity engineer is entrusted with the job of creating fool-proof software that will protect the systems from cyber-attacks. The cybersecurity engineer's salary stands at nearly $120,000. Designing and developing secure networks is the key role of a cybersecurity engineer.

 

  • Cybersecurity analyst

A cybersecurity analyst will analyse all the possible loopholes that your system might be having and then devises appropriate solutions to protect them. The average salary of a cybersecurity analyst is $90,000. Cybersecurity analyst jobs are some of the highest paid jobs in Cybersecurity.

 

  • Cybersecurity architect

A cybersecurity architect will design the cybersecurity frameworks of organizations and implement cybersecurity protocols to safeguard the data from threats. 

 

  • Cybersecurity consultant

A cybersecurity consultant will advise companies and individuals on how to protect their data from getting breached. The average salary of a cybersecurity consultant is nearly $95,000. 

 

Explore – Online cybersecurity courses

 

Find more cybersecurity courses  

 

To get full details about cybersecurity training and certifications, chat with our course expert

 

 

 

 

About the Author

Sprintzeal   Melissa

Technical Content Writer with experience in creating content for cyber security field.

Recommended Courses

Recommended Resources

CSM vs CSPO: Which Certification is Right for You?

CSM vs CSPO: Which Certification is Right for You?

Article


IT Skills in Demand 2020

IT Skills in Demand 2020

Article


Project Management Interview Questions and Answers

Project Management Interview Questions and Answers

Article


TRENDING NOW