As understood from the Project vs. Program Management Article, a project is said to be "A series of tasks or activities that must be completed in a sequence in order to achieve the final product as planned or as scheduled.”
"What is Project Management?" Project management is the set of techniques and methods used and applied to make a project successfully deliver the desired or planned product. The methods and techniques used also involve resource management, time management, scheduling, and many other important concepts.
Now, coming back to the project characteristics, it is important to understand the characteristics of a working project to have a clear idea of its behavior when in progress. No project in the organization shares the same characteristics as another, and the characteristics of each project are what distinguish them from each other. This might bring up a question in your head asking, "How do we differentiate the projects?" Let’s discuss this in the following section.
As discussed earlier, every project is bound by its own limits and is differentiated by its own characteristics. Clearly understanding the characteristics of a project helps you identify the project objectives. This in turn helps the management team decide the scope of the project and list out all the resources that will be required.
The following are a few characteristics of project management that can help you describe your project:
– Project Objectives
It is important for any project to first have its goals and objectives decided. Defining project objectives makes project team members have a clear idea of how to proceed and what to achieve with the project tasks and activities. Objectives are the key characteristics of any project that help you analyze the progress of the project. Tracking the progress and regularly analyzing the results shows how much of the project has been accomplished. With this, it becomes easier to determine the resources required for further activities.
Every project is assigned or designed with certain deadlines and milestones. No matter the type of project, every project is indiscriminately time-bound. To ensure that the project team works independently on necessary project tasks, project managers plan out the tasks and activities based on the resources available and the capabilities of the team and team members.
Teams with fresher members are given significant time to understand the project objectives and work on them, while teams with more experienced members are only provided with enough time. Project managers must also make sure that the allotted time, when summed up, does not exceed the total time allotted for the project.
– Life Cycle
Every project has its Lifecycle for completion, such as Initiation (Beginning), Planning, Execution, Growth, Controlling, and Closing. These stages perfectly describe how the project must be executed. Depending on the type of project, characteristics of project life cycle phases may vary.
Defining these phases for a project depends on how the goals and objectives of the project are derived. Project objectives help in carrying out the tasks and activities towards the succession of the project, while its lifecycle phases keep the project tasks actively moving towards succession.
– Possible Conflicts
For becoming a project manager, one of the key skills required is Conflict Resolution. Irrespective of the project type or its field, the occurrence of Conflicts and Risks is uncontrollable. Not properly defining the project results in high risks and conflicts.
Utilizing the information available can help reduce the occurrence of risks and conflicts. With this, project managers can ensure every project team and its members work more productively and present more effectively.
To make any project work as intended, it is important to take part in the changes that occur within its lifecycle. Project managers must also ensure to schedule every project task as flexibly as possible to give team members enough time to adapt to changes and cope with the tasks as scheduled.
The more flexibility in the schedule, the better the results concerning the changes.
– Team Spirit
Just like the project is comprised of different characteristics, the same goes for the team. Every team member is capable of different project characteristics. With the help of a team with good team spirit, the project can reciprocate according to the objectives set for each project. This also helps in reducing the time taken to process the tasks and activities since every project team member is working cumulatively.
These characteristics of project management mentioned above are what distinguish a project from other projects. Properly describing these 5 characteristics of a project helps you identify the key elements that differentiate it from other projects. The key characteristics of a project help management decide what steps need to be taken to make the project a success.
After coming this far, you might now have an idea of the benefits of describing the characteristics of a project. Besides, it is also important to implement it into projects before getting started. Now, let’s understand the importance of a project.
– Helps identify project scope
To describe a project objective, it is important to first understand the characteristic of the project. After describing the project characteristics, project managers identify the project scope and objective that the project intended to achieve. This also helps in determining the resource requirements beforehand.
– Control the project complexity
Understanding Project Characteristics helps in determining project objectives. Understanding these objectives helps project managers determine and control the complexity of project tasks. With this, they not only help team members clearly understand the project goals but also plan resource allocation more wisely.
– Helps in selecting the right project management approach
Certain projects would only require a certain type of approach to their project management. By understanding a project's characteristics, project managers can assist in determining the most appropriate and most applicable project management strategy.
To conclude, a project is a collection of activities that must be carried out in a particular sequence to produce the intended or scheduled results. Project management refers to the strategies and tactics developed and put into practice to ensure that this project successfully produces the intended or planned product.
Project managers can identify project objectives by having a clear understanding of the characteristics of a project. This in turn aids the management team in determining the project's scope and compiling a list of all necessary resources in advance. These characteristics of project management are what distinguish a project from other projects. Besides, it is just as important to understand the importance of these characteristics before getting started.
Be it program management or project management, Sprintzeal has got you covered with everything. We offer industry-grade training and also provide globally recognized certifications that can put your resume on top in any organization.
Explore all our project management courses and enroll now to successfully land your desired profession. Visit our all courses page to explore the variety of services offered for the courses provided. To proceed further or to clarify any course-related doubts, request a callback or chat with our course expert now.
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